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Basic Drug Info
Drug Name:Lidocaine Hydrochloride and Dextrose
Manufacturer:Baxter Healthcare Corporation
Other Info:



Clinical Trials:


Indications and Usage
Lidocaine hydrochloride administered intravenously is specifically indicated in the acute management of (1) ventricular arrhythmias occurring during cardiac manipulations, such as cardiac surgery and (2) life-threatening arrhythmias which are ventricular in origin, such as occur during acute myocardial infarction.
Ventricular arrhythmia -- Irregular heart beat resulting from a pathologic process in the cardiac ventricles.--2004

cardiac arrhythmia -- any variation from the normal rhythm or rate of the heart beat.

Acute myocardial infarction --

Contraindications

Lidocaine hydrochloride is contraindicated in patients with a known history of hypersensitivity to local anesthetics of the amide type.

Lidocaine should not be used in patients with Stokes-Adams syndrome, Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, or with severe degrees of sinoatrial, atrioventricular, or intraventricular block.Solutions containing dextrose may be contraindicated in patients with known allergy to corn or corn products.
Hypersensitivity -- Altered reactivity to an antigen, which can result in pathologic reactions upon subsequent exposure to that particular antigen.

SPONDYLOMETAEPIPHYSEAL DYSPLASIA, SHORT LIMB-HAND TYPE --

Adams-Stokes Syndrome -- A condition of fainting spells caused by heart block, often an atrioventricular block, that leads to BRADYCARDIA and drop in CARDIAC OUTPUT. When the cardiac output becomes too low, the patient faints (SYNCOPE). In some cases, the syncope attacks are transient and in others cases repetitive and persistent.

Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome -- A form of ventricular pre-excitation characterized by a short PR interval and a long QRS interval with a delta wave. In this syndrome, atrial impulse conducts to the HEART VENTRICLES via an accessory pathway located between the wall of the right or left atria and the ventricles, known as the bundle of Kent. The inherited form can be caused by mutation of PRKAG2 gene encoding a gamma-2 regulatory subunit of AMP-activated protein kinase.

Intraventricular conduction defect --

Immediate hypersensitivity -- Hypersensitivity reactions which occur within minutes of exposure to challenging antigen due to the release of histamine which follows the antigen-antibody reaction and causes smooth muscle contraction and increased vascular permeability.

Warnings

Constant monitoring with an electrocardiograph is essential to the proper administration of lidocaine hydrochloride intravenously.

Signs of excessive depression of cardiac conductivity, such as prolongation of the PR interval, widening of the QRS interval and the appearance or aggravation of arrhythmias, should be followed by prompt cessation of the intravenous infusion of this agent.

It is mandatory to have emergency resuscitative equipment and drugs immediately available to manage adverse reactions involving cardiovascular, respiratory, or central nervous systems.

Occasional acceleration of ventricular rate may occur when lidocaine hydrochloride is administered to patients with atrial fibrillation.

Evidence for proper usage in children is limited.

Administer Lidocaine Hydrochloride and 5% Dextrose Injection, USP only with a calibrated infusion device.

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