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Basic Drug Info
Drug Name:Pfizerpen
Manufacturer:Roerig
Other Info:Rx onlyLAB-0200-3.0



Clinical Trials:


Indications and Usage

Aqueous penicillin G (parenteral) is indicated in the therapy of severe infections caused by penicillin G-susceptible microorganisms when rapid and high penicillin levels are required in the conditions listed below.

Therapy should be guided by bacteriological studies (including susceptibility tests) and by clinical response.The following infections will usually respond to adequate dosage of aqueous penicillin G (parenteral):Streptococcal infections.NOTE: Streptococci in groups A, C, H, G, L, and M are very sensitive to penicillin G.

Some group D organisms are sensitive to the high serum levels obtained with aqueous penicillin G.Aqueous penicillin G (parenteral) is the penicillin dosage form of choice for bacteremia, empyema, severe pneumonia, pericarditis, endocarditis, meningitis, and other severe infections caused by sensitive strains of the gram-positive species listed above.Pneumococcal infections.Staphylococcal infections–penicillin G sensitive.Other infections:Anthrax.Actinomycosis.Clostridial infections (including tetanus).Diphtheria (to prevent carrier state).Erysipeloid (Erysipelothrix insidiosa) endocarditis.Fusospirochetal infections–severe infections of the oropharynx (Vincent's), lower respiratory tract and genital area due to Fusobacterium fusiformisans spirochetes.Gram-negative bacillary infections (bacteremias)–(E.

coli, A.

aerogenes, A.

faecalis, Salmonella, Shigella and P.

mirabilis).Listeria infections (Listeria monocytogenes).Meningitis and endocarditis.Pasteurella infections (Pasteurella multocida).Bacteremia and meningitis.Rat-bite fever (Spirillum minus or Streptobacillus moniliformis).Gonorrheal endocarditis and arthritis (N.

gonorrhoeae).Syphilis (T.

pallidum) including congenital syphilis.Meningococcic meningitis.Although no controlled clinical efficacy studies have been conducted, aqueous crystalline penicillin G for injection and penicillin G procaine suspension have been suggested by the American Heart Association and the American Dental Association for use as part of a combined parenteral-oral regimen for prophylaxis against bacterial endocarditis in patients with congenital heart disease or rheumatic, or other acquired valvular heart disease when they undergo dental procedures and surgical procedures of the upper respiratory tract.1 Since it may happen that alpha hemolytic streptococci relatively resistant to penicillin may be found when patients are receiving continuous oral penicillin for secondary prevention of rheumatic fever, prophylactic agents other than penicillin may be chosen for these patients and prescribed in addition to their continuous rheumatic fever prophylactic regimen.NOTE: When selecting antibiotics for the prevention of bacterial endocarditis, the physician or dentist should read the full joint statement of the American Heart Association and the American Dental Association.1To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain effectiveness of Pfizerpen and other antibacterial drugs, Pfizerpen should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria.

When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy.

In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.
Infection -- Invasion of the host organism by microorganisms that can cause pathological conditions or diseases.

BACTEREMIA -- The presence of viable bacteria circulating in the blood. Fever, chills, tachycardia, and tachypnea are common acute manifestations of bacteremia. The majority of cases are seen in already hospitalized patients, most of whom have underlying diseases or procedures which render their bloodstreams susceptible to invasion.

Empyema -- Presence of pus in a hollow organ or body cavity.

Pneumonia -- Inflammation of any part, segment or lobe, of the lung parenchyma.

Pericarditis -- Inflammation of the PERICARDIUM from various origins, such as infection, neoplasm, autoimmune process, injuries, or drugs-induced. Pericarditis usually leads to PERICARDIAL EFFUSION, or CONSTRICTIVE PERICARDITIS.

Endocarditis -- Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart (ENDOCARDIUM), the continuous membrane lining the four chambers and HEART VALVES. It is often caused by microorganisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and rickettsiae. Left untreated, endocarditis can damage heart valves and become life-threatening.

Meningitis -- Inflammation of the coverings of the brain and/or spinal cord, which consist of the PIA MATER; ARACHNOID; and DURA MATER. Infections (viral, bacterial, and fungal) are the most common causes of this condition, but subarachnoid hemorrhage (HEMORRHAGES, SUBARACHNOID), chemical irritation (chemical MENINGITIS), granulomatous conditions, neoplastic conditions (CARCINOMATOUS MENINGITIS), and other inflammatory conditions may produce this syndrome. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1994, Ch24, p6)

Anthrax disease -- An acute infection caused by the spore-forming bacteria BACILLUS ANTHRACIS. It commonly affects hoofed animals such as sheep and goats. Infection in humans often involves the skin (cutaneous anthrax), the lungs (inhalation anthrax), or the gastrointestinal tract. Anthrax is not contagious and can be treated with antibiotics.

Actinomycosis -- Infections with bacteria of the genus ACTINOMYCES.

clostridial infection -- Infections with bacteria of the genus CLOSTRIDIUM.

Diphtheria -- A localized infection of mucous membranes or skin caused by toxigenic strains of CORYNEBACTERIUM DIPHTHERIAE. It is characterized by the presence of a pseudomembrane at the site of infection. DIPHTHERIA TOXIN, produced by C. diphtheriae, can cause myocarditis, polyneuritis, and other systemic toxic effects.

Salmonella infections -- Infections with bacteria of the genus SALMONELLA.

Shigella Infections --

LISTERIA MENINGITIS -- Inflammation of the meninges caused by LISTERIA MONOCYTOGENES infection, usually occurring in individuals under the age of 3 years or over the age of 50 years. It may occur at any age in individuals with IMMUNOLOGIC DEFICIENCY SYNDROMES. Clinical manifestations include FEVER, altered mentation, HEADACHE, meningeal signs, focal neurologic signs, and SEIZURES. (From Medicine 1998 Sep;77(5):313-36)

Rat-Bite Fever -- A syndrome characterized by recurring fever, rash, and arthralgias occurring days to weeks after a rat bite. The causative agents are either Streptobacillus moniliformis or Spirillum minus.

Congenital Syphilis -- Syphilis acquired in utero and manifested by any of several characteristic tooth (Hutchinson's teeth) or bone malformations and by active mucocutaneous syphilis at birth or shortly thereafter. Ocular and neurologic changes may also occur.

Meningococcal meningitis -- A fulminant infection of the meninges and subarachnoid fluid by the bacterium NEISSERIA MENINGITIDIS, producing diffuse inflammation and peri-meningeal venous thromboses. Clinical manifestations include FEVER, nuchal rigidity, SEIZURES, severe HEADACHE, petechial rash, stupor, focal neurologic deficits, HYDROCEPHALUS, and COMA. The organism is usually transmitted via nasopharyngeal secretions and is a leading cause of meningitis in children and young adults. Organisms from Neisseria meningitidis serogroups A, B, C, Y, and W-135 have been reported to cause meningitis. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp689-701; Curr Opin Pediatr 1998 Feb;10(1):13-8)

Bacterial Endocarditis -- Inflammation of the ENDOCARDIUM caused by BACTERIA that entered the bloodstream. The strains of bacteria vary with predisposing factors, such as CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS; HEART VALVE DISEASES; HEART VALVE PROSTHESIS IMPLANTATION; or intravenous drug use.

Congenital heart disease -- imperfections or malformations of the heart, existing at, and usually before, birth regardless of their causation.

Rheumatism -- Disorders of connective tissue, especially the joints and related structures, characterized by inflammation, degeneration, or metabolic derangement.

Heart valve disease -- Pathological conditions involving any of the various HEART VALVES and the associated structures (PAPILLARY MUSCLES and CHORDAE TENDINEAE).

Rheumatic Fever -- A febrile disease occurring as a delayed sequela of infections with group A hemolytic streptococci and characterized by multiple focal inflammatory lesions of the connective tissue structures, especially of the heart, blood vessels, and joints (polyarthritis), and by the presence of Aschoff bodies in the myocardium and skin. (Dorland, 27th ed)

Contraindications
A history of a previous hypersensitivity reaction to any penicillin is a contraindication.
Hypersensitivity -- Altered reactivity to an antigen, which can result in pathologic reactions upon subsequent exposure to that particular antigen.

Warnings

Serious and occasionally fatal hypersensitivity (anaphylactoid) reactions have been reported in patients on penicillin therapy.

These reactions are more likely to occur in individuals with a history of penicillin hypersensitivity and/or a history of sensitivity to multiple allergens.

There have been reports of individuals with a history of penicillin hypersensitivity who have experienced severe reactions when treated with cephalosporins.

Before initiating therapy with any penicillin, careful inquiry should be made concerning previous hypersensitivity reactions to penicillin, cephalosporins, or other allergens.

If an allergic reaction occurs, the drug should be discontinued and the appropriate therapy instituted.

Serious anaphylactoid reactions require immediate emergency treatment with epinephrine.

Oxygen, intravenous steroids, and airway management including intubation, should also be administered as indicated.

This web-site is for informational purposes only and is not intended as a substitute for advice from your doctor. It should not to be used for self-diagnosis or treatment.