|Drug Name:||Potassium Chloride in Sodium Chloride|
|Manufacturer:||B. Braun Medical Inc.|
Braun Medical Inc.Irvine, CA USA 92614-5895©2005 B.Braun Medical Inc.Y36-002-562
The administration of intravenous solutions can cause fluid and/or solute overload resulting in dilution of serum electrolyte concentrations, overhydration, congested states or pulmonary edema.
The risk of dilutional states is inversely proportional to the electrolyte concentration.
The risk of solute overload causing congested states with peripheral and pulmonary edema is directly proportional to the electrolyte concentration.Solutions containing sodium ions should be used with great care, if at all, in patients with congestive heart failure, severe renal insufficiency, and in clinical states in which there is sodium retention with edema.Infusion of isotonic (0.9%) sodium chloride during or immediately after surgery may result in excessive sodium retention.Use the patient's circulatory system status as a guide.In patients with diminished renal function, administration of solutions containing sodium or potassium ions may result in sodium or potassium retention.Solutions containing potassium ions should be used with great care, if at all, in patients with hyperkalemia, severe renal failure, and in conditions in which potassium retention is present.