ResoundingHealth
Search
  
Basic Drug Info
Drug Name:Maxitrol
Manufacturer:ALCON LABORATORIES, INC.
Other Info:



Clinical Trials:


Indications and Usage

For steroid-responsive inflammatory ocular conditions for which a corticosteroid is indicated and where bacterial infection or a risk of bacterial ocular infection exists.Ocular steroids are indicated in inflammatory conditions of the palpebral and bulbar conjunctiva, cornea, and anterior segment of the globe where the inherent risk of steroid use in certain infective conjunctivitides is accepted to obtain a diminution in edema and inflammation.

They are also indicated in chronic anterior uveitis and corneal injury from chemical, radiation or thermal burns; or penetration of foreign bodies.The use of a combination drug with an anti-infective component is indicated where the risk of infection is high or where there is an expectation that potentially dangerous numbers of bacteria will be present in the eye.The particular anti-infective drug in this product is active against the following common bacterial eye pathogens:Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Haemophilus influenzae, Klebsiella/Enterobacter species, Neisseria species, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.This product does not provide adequate coverage against: Serratia marcescens and Streptococci, including Streptococcus pneumoniae.
Bacterial Infections -- Infections by bacteria, general or unspecified.

Corneal Diseases -- Diseases of the cornea.

Infective conjunctivitis --

Edema -- Abnormal fluid accumulation in TISSUES or body cavities. Most cases of edema are present under the SKIN in SUBCUTANEOUS TISSUE.

Inflammation -- A pathological process characterized by injury or destruction of tissues caused by a variety of cytologic and chemical reactions. It is usually manifested by typical signs of pain, heat, redness, swelling, and loss of function.

Communicable Diseases -- broad class of diseases whose causative agents may be passed between individuals in many different ways.

Infection -- Invasion of the host organism by microorganisms that can cause pathological conditions or diseases.

Contraindications

Epithelial herpes simplex keratitis (dendritic keratitis), vaccinia, varicella, and many other viral diseases of the cornea and conjunctiva.

Mycobacterial infection of the eye.

Fungal diseases of ocular structures.

Hypersensitivity to a component of the medication.

(Hypersensitivity to the antibiotic component occurs at a higher rate than for other components.)
Dendritic keratitis -- A form of herpetic keratitis characterized by the formation of small vesicles which break down and coalesce to form recurring dendritic ulcers, characteristically irregular, linear, branching, and ending in knoblike extremities. (Dictionary of Visual Science, 3d ed)

Vaccinia -- The cutaneous and occasional systemic reactions associated with vaccination using smallpox (variola) vaccine.

Chickenpox -- A highly contagious infectious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus (HERPESVIRUS 3, HUMAN). It usually affects children, is spread by direct contact or respiratory route via droplet nuclei, and is characterized by the appearance on the skin and mucous membranes of successive crops of typical pruritic vesicular lesions that are easily broken and become scabbed. Chickenpox is relatively benign in children, but may be complicated by pneumonia and encephalitis in adults. (From Dorland, 27th ed)

Virus Diseases -- A general term for diseases produced by viruses.

Corneal Diseases -- Diseases of the cornea.

Mycobacterium Infections -- Infections with bacteria of the genus MYCOBACTERIUM.

Mycoses -- disease caused by a fungus.

Hypersensitivity -- Altered reactivity to an antigen, which can result in pathologic reactions upon subsequent exposure to that particular antigen.

Warnings

NOT FOR INJECTION.

Do not touch tube tip to any surface, as this may contaminate the contents.

Prolonged use may result in glaucoma, with damage to the optic nerve,defects in visual acuity and fields of vision, and posterior subcapsular cataract formation.

Prolonged use may suppress the host response and thus increase the hazard of secondary ocular infections.

In those diseases causing thinning of the cornea or sclera, perforations have been known to occur with the use of topical steroids.

In acute purulent conditions of the eye, steroids may mask infection or enhance existing infection.

If this product is used for 10 days or longer, intraocular pressure should be routinely monitored even though it may be difficult in children and uncooperative patients.Products containing neomycin sulfate may cause cutaneous sensitization.Employment of steroid medication in the treatment of herpes simplex requires great caution.

This web-site is for informational purposes only and is not intended as a substitute for advice from your doctor. It should not to be used for self-diagnosis or treatment.