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Basic Drug Info
Drug Name:Fiorinal with Codeine
Manufacturer:Watson Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Other Info:Rx only



Clinical Trials:


Indications and Usage

Fiorinal® with Codeine (Butalbital, Aspirin, Caffeine, and Codeine Phosphate Capsules, USP) is indicated for the relief of the symptom complex of tension (or muscle contraction) headache.Evidence supporting the efficacy of Fiorinal® with Codeine (Butalbital, Aspirin, Caffeine, and Codeine Phosphate Capsules, USP) is derived from 2 multi-clinic trials that compared patients with tension headache randomly assigned to 4 parallel treatments: Fiorinal® with Codeine (Butalbital, Aspirin, Caffeine, and Codeine Phosphate Capsules, USP), codeine, Fiorinal® (Butalbital, Aspirin, and Caffeine Capsules, USP), and placebo.

Response was assessed over the course of the first 4 hours of each of 2 distinct headaches, separated by at least 24 hours.

Fiorinal® with Codeine (Butalbital, Aspirin, Caffeine, and Codeine Phosphate Capsules, USP) proved statistically significantly superior to each of its components (Fiorinal®, codeine) and to placebo on measures of pain relief.Evidence supporting the efficacy and safety of Fiorinal® with Codeine (Butalbital, Aspirin, Caffeine, and Codeine Phosphate Capsules, USP) in the treatment of multiple recurrent headaches is unavailable.

Caution in this regard is required because codeine and butalbital are habit-forming and potentially abusable.
Symptoms -- An indication that a person has a condition or disease. Some examples of symptoms are headache, fever, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, and pain.

Tension Headache -- A common primary headache disorder, characterized by a dull, non-pulsatile, diffuse, band-like (or vice-like) PAIN of mild to moderate intensity in the HEAD; SCALP; or NECK. The subtypes are classified by frequency and severity of symptoms. There is no clear cause even though it has been associated with MUSCLE CONTRACTION and stress. (International Classification of Headache Disorders, 2nd ed. Cephalalgia 2004: suppl 1)

Headache -- The symptom of PAIN in the cranial region. It may be an isolated benign occurrence or manifestation of a wide variety of HEADACHE DISORDERS.

Headache recurrent --

Contraindications

Fiorinal® with Codeine (Butalbital, Aspirin, Caffeine, and Codeine Phosphate Capsules, USP) is contraindicated under the following conditions:Hypersensitivity or intolerance to aspirin, caffeine, butalbital or codeine.Patients with a hemorrhagic diathesis (e.g., hemophilia, hypoprothrombinemia, von Willebrand’s disease, the thrombocytopenias, thrombasthenia and other ill-defined hereditary platelet dysfunctions, severe vitamin K deficiency and severe liver damage).Patients with the syndrome of nasal polyps, angioedema and bronchospastic reactivity to aspirin or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

Anaphylactoid reactions have occurred in such patients.Peptic ulcer or other serious gastrointestinal lesions.Patients with porphyria.
Hypersensitivity -- Altered reactivity to an antigen, which can result in pathologic reactions upon subsequent exposure to that particular antigen.

Hemorrhagic Disorders -- spontaneous or near spontaneous bleeding caused by a defect in clotting mechanisms (blood coagulation disorders) or another abnormality causing a structural flaw in the blood vessels (vascular hemostatic disorders).

Hemophilia A -- The classic hemophilia resulting from a deficiency of factor VIII. It is an inherited disorder of blood coagulation characterized by a permanent tendency to hemorrhage.

Hemophilia, NOS -- Group of hereditary disorders in which affected individuals fail to make enough of certain proteins needed to form blood clots.

hypoprothrombinemia -- Absence or reduced levels of prothrombin in the blood.

von Willebrand Disease -- Group of hemorrhagic disorders in which the von Willebrand factor (Factor VIII-related antigen) is either quantitatively or qualitatively abnormal. They are usually inherited as an autosomal dominant trait though rare kindreds are autosomal recessive. Symptoms vary depending on severity and disease type but may include prolonged bleeding time, deficiency of factor VIII, and impaired platelet adhesion.

Thrombocytopenia -- A subnormal level of BLOOD PLATELETS.

Thrombasthenia -- A congenital bleeding disorder with prolonged bleeding time, absence of aggregation of platelets in response to most agents, especially ADP, and impaired or absent clot retraction. Platelet membranes are deficient in or have a defect in the glycoprotein IIb-IIIa complex (PLATELET GLYCOPROTEIN GPIIB-IIIA COMPLEX).

vitamin K deficiency -- A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN K in the diet, characterized by an increased tendency to hemorrhage (HEMORRHAGIC DISORDERS). Such bleeding episodes may be particularly severe in newborn infants. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1182)

Syndrome -- A symptom complex of unknown etiology, that is characteristic of a particular abnormality.

Angioedema -- Swelling involving the deep DERMIS, subcutaneous, or submucosal tissues, representing localized EDEMA. Angioedema often occurs in the face, lips, tongue, and larynx.

ANAPHYLACTOID REACTION --

Peptic Ulcer -- Ulcer that occurs in the regions of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT which come into contact with GASTRIC JUICE containing PEPSIN and GASTRIC ACID. It occurs when there are defects in the MUCOSA barrier. The common forms of peptic ulcers are associated with HELICOBACTER PYLORI and the consumption of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS).

Porphyria -- group of disorders characterized by the excessive production of porphyrins or their precursors that arises from abnormalities in the regulation of the porphyrin-heme pathway; acquired porphyrias, which are due to inhibition of enzymes in the metabolic pathway by a drug, toxin or abnormal metabolite, are more common than those which are inherited.

Warnings

Therapeutic doses of aspirin can cause anaphylactic shock and other severe allergic reactions.

It should be ascertained if the patient is allergic to aspirin, although a specific history of allergy may be lacking.Significant bleeding can result from aspirin therapy in patients with peptic ulcer or other gastrointestinal lesions, and in patients with bleeding disorders.Aspirin administered pre-operatively may prolong the bleeding time.In the presence of head injury or other intracranial lesions, the respiratory depressant effects of codeine and other narcotics may be markedly enhanced, as well as their capacity for elevating cerebrospinal fluid pressure.

Narcotics also produce other CNS depressant effects, such as drowsiness, that may further obscure the clinical course of patients with head injuries.Codeine or other narcotics may obscure signs on which to judge the diagnosis or clinical course of patients with acute abdominal conditions.Butalbital and codeine are both habit-forming and potentially abusable.

Consequently, the extended use of Fiorinal® with Codeine (Butalbital, Aspirin, Caffeine, and Codeine Phosphate Capsules, USP) is not recommended.Results from epidemiologic studies indicate an association between aspirin and Reye’s Syndrome.

Caution should be used in administering this product to children, including teenagers, with chicken pox or flu.

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