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Basic Drug Info
Drug Name:Anectine
Manufacturer:Lek Pharmaceuticals
Other Info:SandozBroomfield, CO 80020Manufactured in Canada by Sandoz Canada Inc.Distributed by Lek Pharmaceuticals, Inc.an affiliate of Sandoz Inc.January 2005D1003376



Clinical Trials:


Indications and Usage
Succinylcholine chloride is indicated as an adjunct to general anesthesia, to facilitate tracheal intubation, and to provide skeletal muscle relaxation during surgery or mechanical ventilation.
Contraindications

Succinylcholine is contraindicated in persons with personal or familial history of malignant hyperthermia, skeletal muscle myopathies, and known hypersensitivity to the drug.

It is also contraindicated in patients after the acute phase of injury following major burns, multiple trauma, extensive denervation of skeletal muscle, or upper motor neuron injury, because succinylcholine administered to such individuals may result in severe hyperkalemia which may result in cardiac arrest (see WARNINGS).

The risk of hyperkalemia in these patients increases over time and usually peaks at 7 to 10 days after the injury.

The risk is dependent on the extent and location of the injury.

The precise time of onset and the duration of the risk period are not known.
Malignant hyperpyrexia due to anesthesia -- Rapid and excessive rise of temperature accompanied by muscular rigidity following general anesthesia.

Myopathy -- Acquired, familial, and congenital disorders of SKELETAL MUSCLE and SMOOTH MUSCLE.

Hypersensitivity -- Altered reactivity to an antigen, which can result in pathologic reactions upon subsequent exposure to that particular antigen.

Cardiac Arrest -- Cessation of heart beat or MYOCARDIAL CONTRACTION. If it is treated within a few minutes, heart arrest can be reversed in most cases to normal cardiac rhythm and effective circulation.

Warnings

SUCCINYLCHOLINE SHOULD BE USED ONLY BY THOSE SKILLED IN THE MANAGEMENT OF ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION AND ONLY WHEN FACILITIES ARE INSTANTLY AVAILABLE FOR TRACHEAL INTUBATION AND FOR PROVIDING ADEQUATE VENTILATION OF THE PATIENT, INCLUDING THE ADMINISTRATION OF OXYGEN UNDER POSITIVE PRESSURE AND THE ELIMINATION OF CARBON DIOXIDE.

THE CLINICIAN MUST BE PREPARED TO ASSIST OR CONTROL RESPIRATION.TO AVOID DISTRESS TO THE PATIENT, SUCCINYLCHOLINE SHOULD NOT BE ADMINISTERED BEFORE UNCONSCIOUSNESS HAS BEEN INDUCED.

IN EMERGENCY SITUATIONS, HOWEVER, IT MAY BE NECESSARY TO ADMINISTER SUCCINYLCHOLINE BEFORE UNCONSCIOUSNESS IS INDUCED.SUCCINYLCHOLINE IS METABOLIZED BY PLASMA CHOLINESTERASE AND SHOULD BE USED WITH CAUTION, IF AT ALL, IN PATIENTS KNOWN TO BE OR SUSPECTED OF BEING HOMOZYGOUS FOR THE ATYPICAL PLASMA CHOLINESTERASE GENE.

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