Basic Drug Info
Drug Name:Apri

Clinical Trials:

Indications and Usage

Apri (desogestrel and ethinyl estradiol) Tablets are indicated for the prevention of pregnancy in women who elect to use oral contraceptives as a method of contraception.Oral contraceptives are highly effective.

Table I lists the typical accidental pregnancy rates for users of combination oral contraceptives and other methods of contraception.

The efficacy of these contraceptive methods, except sterilization, depends upon the reliability with which they are used.

Correct and consistent use of these methods can result in lower failure rates.TABLE I: PERCENTAGE OF WOMEN EXPERIENCING AN UNINTENDED PREGNANCY DURING THE FIRST YEAR OF TYPICAL USE AND THE FIRST YEAR OF PERFECT USE OF CONTRACEPTION AND THE PERCENTAGE CONTINUING USE AT THE END OF THE FIRST YEAR, UNITED STATES. Adapted from Hatcher et al, 1998, Ref #1. % of Women Experiencing an Unintended Pregnancy Within the First Year of Use% of Women Continuing Use at One YearAmong couples attempting to avoid pregnancy, the percentage who continue to use a method for one year. Method (1) Typical UseAmong typical couples who initiate use of a method (not necessarily for the first time), the percentage who experience an accidental pregnancy during the first year if they do not stop use for any other reason. (2)Perfect UseAmong couples who initiate use of a method (not necessarily for the first time) and who use it perfectly (both consistently and correctly), the percentage who experience an accidental pregnancy during the first year if they do not stop use for any other reason. (3)(4) ChanceThe percents becoming pregnant in columns (2) and (3) are based on data from populations where contraception is not used and from women who cease using contraception in order to become pregnant.

Among such populations, about 89% become pregnant within one year.

This estimate was lowered slightly (to 85%) to represent the percent who would become pregnant within one year among women now relying on reversible methods of contraception if they abandoned contraception altogether. 8585 SpermicidesFoams, creams, gels, vaginal suppositories, and vaginal film.26640 Periodic abstinence 2563 Calendar 9 Ovulation method 3 Sympto-thermalCervical mucus (ovulation) method supplemented by calendar in the pre-ovulatory and basal body temperature in the post-ovulatory phases. 2 Post-ovulation 1 Withdrawal 194 CapWith spermicidal cream or jelly. Parous women 402642 Nulliparous women 20956 Sponge Parous women 402042 Nulliparous women 20956 Diaphragm 20656 CondomWithout spermicides. Female (Reality) 21556 Male 14361 Pill 571 Progestin only 0.5 Combined 0.1 IUD: Progesterone T 2.01.581 Copper T 380A 0.80.678 Lng 20 0.10.181 Depo Provera 0.30.370 Norplant and Norplant-2 0.050.0588 Female sterilization 0.50.5100 Male sterilization 0.150.10100 In a clinical trial with desogestrel and ethinyl estradiol tablets, 1,195 subjects completed 11,656 cycles and a total of 10 pregnancies were reported.

This represents an overall user-efficacy (typical user-efficacy) pregnancy rate of 1.12 per 100 women-years.

This rate includes patients who did not take the drug correctly.
Oral contraceptives like Apri tablets should not be used in women who currently have the following conditions: Thrombophlebitis or thromboembolic disorders A past history of deep vein thrombophlebitis or thromboembolic disorders Cerebral vascular or coronary artery disease Known or suspected carcinoma of the breast Carcinoma of the endometrium or other known or suspected estrogen-dependent neoplasia Undiagnosed abnormal genital bleeding Cholestatic jaundice of pregnancy or jaundice with prior pill use Hepatic adenomas or carcinomas Known or suspected pregnancy
Thrombophlebitis -- Inflammation of a vein associated with a blood clot (THROMBUS).

Thromboembolism -- Obstruction of a blood vessel (embolism) by a blood clot (THROMBUS) in the blood stream.

Deep thrombophlebitis --

Vascular Diseases -- Pathological processes involving any of the BLOOD VESSELS in the cardiac or peripheral circulation. They include diseases of ARTERIES; VEINS; and rest of the vasculature system in the body.

Coronary Artery Disease -- Pathological processes of CORONARY ARTERIES that may derive from a congenital abnormality, atherosclerotic, or non-atherosclerotic cause.

Carcinoma -- A malignant neoplasm made up of epithelial cells tending to infiltrate the surrounding tissues and give rise to metastases. It is a histological type of neoplasm but is often wrongly used as a synonym for "cancer." (From Dorland, 27th ed)

Breast Carcinoma -- (brest KAN-ser) Cancer that forms in tissues of the breast, usually the ducts (tubes that carry milk to the nipple) and lobules (glands that make milk). It occurs in both men and women, although male breast cancer is rare.

Obstructive Jaundice -- JAUNDICE, the condition with yellowish staining of the skin and mucous membranes, that is due to impaired BILE flow in the BILIARY TRACT, such as INTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS, or EXTRAHEPATIC CHOLESTASIS.

Icterus -- A clinical manifestation of HYPERBILIRUBINEMIA, characterized by the yellowish staining of the SKIN; MUCOUS MEMBRANE; and SCLERA. Clinical jaundice usually is a sign of LIVER dysfunction.

Hepatic adenoma --


Cigarette smoking increases the risk of serious cardiovascular side effects from oral contraceptive use.

This risk increases with age and with heavy smoking (15 or more cigarettes per day) and is quite marked in women over 35 years of age.

Women who use oral contraceptives should be strongly advised not to smoke.

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