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The following medical terms have been bookmarked on the webpage at this page  (http://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/iron.asp).

Iron deficiency anemia -- Anemia characterized by decreased or absent iron stores, low serum iron concentration, low transferrin saturation, and low hemoglobin concentration or hematocrit value. The erythrocytes are hypochromic and microcytic and the iron binding capacity is increased.

Anemia -- A reduction in the number of circulating erythrocytes or in the quantity of hemoglobin.

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Iron deficiency anemia
  • NIH Office of Dietary Supplements

Anemia

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Iron deficiency --

Malnutrition -- disorder of nutrition due to unbalanced or insufficient diet or to defective assimilation or utilization of nutrients.

Laser-Induced Fluorescence Endoscopy --

Fatigue -- The state of weariness following a period of exertion, mental or physical, characterized by a decreased capacity for work and reduced efficiency to respond to stimuli.

Effects of heat --

furuncle --

Little's Disease --

Iron Overload -- An excessive accumulation of iron in the body due to a greater than normal absorption of iron from the gastrointestinal tract or from parenteral injection. This may arise from idiopathic hemochromatosis, excessive iron intake, chronic alcoholism, certain types of refractory anemia, or transfusional hemosiderosis. (From Churchill's Illustrated Medical Dictionary, 1989)

SPONDYLOMETAEPIPHYSEAL DYSPLASIA, SHORT LIMB-HAND TYPE --

Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage -- Bleeding in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.

Consumption-archaic term for TB --

Nutrition disorders -- Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition.

Iron deficiency anemia -- Anemia characterized by decreased or absent iron stores, low serum iron concentration, low transferrin saturation, and low hemoglobin concentration or hematocrit value. The erythrocytes are hypochromic and microcytic and the iron binding capacity is increased.

Kidney Failure -- A severe irreversible decline in the ability of kidneys to remove wastes, concentrate URINE, and maintain ELECTROLYTE BALANCE; BLOOD PRESSURE; and CALCIUM metabolism. Renal failure, either acute (KIDNEY FAILURE, ACUTE) or chronic (KIDNEY FAILURE, CHRONIC), requires HEMODIALYSIS.

Vitamin A deficiency -- A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN A in the diet, characterized by NIGHT BLINDNESS and other ocular manifestations such as dryness of the conjunctiva and later of the cornea (XEROPHTHALMIA). Vitamin A deficiency is a very common problem worldwide, particularly in developing countries as a consequence of famine or shortages of vitamin A-rich foods. In the United States it is found among the urban poor, the elderly, alcoholics, and patients with malabsorption. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1179)

Malabsorption Syndrome -- Malabsorption: decreased absorption of fat and other nutrients caused by liver, biliary, pancreatic or intestinal disease. The 72-hour fecal fat determination is the best single test for mal- absorption.

Gastrointestinal Diseases -- Diseases in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.

Inflammation -- A pathological process characterized by injury or destruction of tissues caused by a variety of cytologic and chemical reactions. It is usually manifested by typical signs of pain, heat, redness, swelling, and loss of function.

Diarrhea -- An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.

Glossitis -- Inflammation of the tongue.

Pica Disease -- The persistent eating of nonnutritive substances for a period of at least one month. (DSM-IV)

Congenital Abnormality -- Malformations of organs or body parts during development in utero.

Disease -- A definite pathologic process with a characteristic set of signs and symptoms. It may affect the whole body or any of its parts, and its etiology, pathology, and prognosis may be known or unknown.

Arthritis -- inflammation of the joints; tends to be chronic.

Malignant Neoplasms -- A term for diseases in which abnormal cells divide without control. Cancer cells can invade nearby tissues and can spread through the bloodstream and lymphatic system to other parts of the body.

Primary malignant neoplasm --

Anemia -- A reduction in the number of circulating erythrocytes or in the quantity of hemoglobin.

Premature Birth -- CHILDBIRTH before 37 weeks of PREGNANCY (259 days from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period, or 245 days after FERTILIZATION).

Symptoms -- An indication that a person has a condition or disease. Some examples of symptoms are headache, fever, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, and pain.

Adverse effects -- Problems that occur when treatment affects tissues or organs other than the ones meant to be affected by the treatment. Common side effects of cancer treatment are fatigue, pain, nausea, vomiting, decreased blood cell counts, hair loss, and mouth sores.

Nausea -- An unpleasant sensation in the stomach usually accompanied by the urge to vomit. Common causes are early pregnancy, sea and motion sickness, emotional stress, intense pain, food poisoning, and various enteroviruses.

Vomiting -- The forcible expulsion of the contents of the STOMACH through the MOUTH.

Constipation -- Infrequent or difficult evacuation of FECES. These symptoms are associated with a variety of causes, including low DIETARY FIBER intake, emotional or nervous disturbances, systemic and structural disorders, drug-induced aggravation, and infections.

Melena -- The black, tarry, foul-smelling FECES that contain degraded blood.

Hereditary Diseases -- general term for any disorder caused by a genetic mechanism, comprising chromosome aberrations or anomalies, mendelian or monogenic or single-gene disorders, and multifactorial disorders; note that all genetic disorders are not treed under this term; see RTs for others; in addition, many disorders not treed here or under RTs may have a genetic component.

Hemochromatosis -- WHAT: Hemochromatosis: Hemochromatosis: a disorder of iron metabolism characterized by excess deposition of iron in the tissues, especially the liver. It is characterized by pigmentation of the skin, hepatic cirrhosis, decreased carbohydrate tolerance, cardiomyopathy and endocrinopathy (especially hypogonadism). Mainly seen in men over the age of 40 years. It has an associated arthropathy distinguished by involvement of the metacarpophalangeal joints (particularly the second and third), wrists, knees, shoulders, and hips. There is often an associated chondrocalcinosis. WHY: Hemochromatosis is an autosomal recessive disease that produces an arthritis similar to osteoarthritis or pseudogout. HOW: Hemochromatosis is diagnosed by the typical physical and radiographic findings supported by elevated serum iron concentrations and high transferrin saturations. Serum ferritin is also markedly elevated. Confirmation of the diagnosis can be done by demonstrating hepatic iron deposition on liver biopsy.

Cirrhosis --

Liver Cirrhosis -- Liver disease in which the normal microcirculation, the gross vascular anatomy, and the hepatic architecture have been variably destroyed and altered with fibrous septa surrounding regenerated or regenerating parenchymal nodules.

Heart failure -- inability of the heart to pump blood at an adequate rate to fill tissue metabolic requirements or the ability to do so only at an elevated filling pressure.

Hematological Disease -- Disorders of the blood and blood forming tissues.

Heart Diseases -- Pathological conditions involving the HEART including its structural and functional abnormalities.

Chronic disease -- Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)

Cardiovascular Diseases -- Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.

Atherosclerosis -- age, lifestyle, diet, and gene related degeneration of arteries due to deposition of lipoid plaques (atheromas) on inner arterial walls; main cause of coronary artery disease, a leading cause of death.

Coronary heart disease -- An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.

Parasitic infection -- A successful invasion of a host by an organism that uses the host for food and shelter.

Myocardial Infarction -- NECROSIS of the MYOCARDIUM caused by an obstruction of the blood supply to the heart (CORONARY CIRCULATION).

angiogram -- Radiography of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.

Coronary angiography -- Radiography of the vascular system of the heart muscle after injection of a contrast medium.

Coronary Artery Disease -- Pathological processes of CORONARY ARTERIES that may derive from a congenital abnormality, atherosclerotic, or non-atherosclerotic cause.

Arterial Occlusion -- obstruction or closure of the vessels carrying blood away from the heart.

Neoplasm Metastasis -- The transfer of a neoplasm from one organ or part of the body to another remote from the primary site.

Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome -- An acute, febrile, mucocutaneous condition accompanied by swelling of cervical lymph nodes in infants and young children. The principal symptoms are fever, congestion of the ocular conjunctivae, reddening of the lips and oral cavity, protuberance of tongue papillae, and edema or erythema of the extremities.

Infection -- Invasion of the host organism by microorganisms that can cause pathological conditions or diseases.

Developmental delay (disorder) --

Kidney Diseases -- Pathological processes of the KIDNEY or its component tissues.

Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic -- Thrombocytopenia occurring in the absence of toxic exposure or a disease associated with decreased platelets. It is mediated by immune mechanisms, in most cases IMMUNOGLOBULIN G autoantibodies which attach to platelets and subsequently undergo destruction by macrophages. The disease is seen in acute (affecting children) and chronic (adult) forms.

Complication -- Any disease or disorder that occurs during the course of (or because of) another disease.

Complication Aspects -- Used with diseases to indicate conditions that co-exist or follow, i.e., co-existing diseases, complications, or sequelae.

Hyperlipidemia -- excess of lipids in the blood.

Coronary Arteriosclerosis -- Thickening and loss of elasticity of the CORONARY ARTERIES, leading to progressive arterial insufficiency (CORONARY DISEASE).

Peripheral Vascular Diseases -- Pathological processes involving any one of the BLOOD VESSELS in the vasculature outside the HEART.

Neurasthenia -- A mental disorder characterized by chronic fatigue and concomitant physiologic symptoms.


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