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The following medical terms have been bookmarked on the webpage at this page  (http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/colonoscopy/index.htm).

colonoscopy -- Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the luminal surface of the colon.

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colonoscopy

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colonoscopy -- Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the luminal surface of the colon.

Digestive System Disorders -- Diseases in any part of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT or the accessory organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).

Diagnostic tests -- heading term for tests not treed elsewhere under DIAGNOSIS.

polyps -- Discrete abnormal tissue masses that protrude into the lumen of the DIGESTIVE TRACT or the RESPIRATORY TRACT. Polyps can be spheroidal, hemispheroidal, or irregular mound-shaped structures attached to the MUCOUS MEMBRANE of the lumen wall either by a stalk, pedunculus, or by a broad base.

Ulcer -- A lesion on the surface of the skin or a mucous surface, produced by the sloughing of inflammatory necrotic tissue.

Physical findings -- Objective evidence of disease perceptible to the examining physician.

Carcinoma of the Large Intestine -- A carcinoma arising from the colon or rectum. Among both males and females, it is the second most common visceral malignancy in the United States, with an expected 185,000 new cases each year. It is considered as a disease of Western-world lifestyle. Grossly, most colorectal carcinomas are either polypoid or of the ulcerative-infiltrating type. Adenocarcinoma is the most common carcinoma in the colon and rectum. Colorectal adenocarcinoma can be divided in three grades: Grade I (low grade or well-differentiated), grade II (average grade or moderately differentiated) and grade III (poorly differentiated). The following histopathologic features have been shown to be prognostic indicators in multivariate analysis: microacinar versus macroacinar growth pattern, endocrine cells detected by chromogranin immunohistochemistry, Crohn's-like reaction and tumor budding. The standard therapy for colorectal carcinoma is surgical resection. The 5-year crude survival rate after curative resection for colorectal carcinomas ranges between 40% and 60% in most large series (Sternberg's Diagnostic Surgical Pathology, 3rd ed., 1999).

Colorectal Cancer --

Abdominal Pain -- Sensation of discomfort, distress, or agony in the abdominal region; generally associated with functional disorders, tissue injuries, or diseases.

strain symptom --

disease transmission -- transmission of an infectious disease by direct contact with an affected individual, the individual's discharges or by indirect means such as by a vector.

Complication -- Any disease or disorder that occurs during the course of (or because of) another disease.

Complication Aspects -- Used with diseases to indicate conditions that co-exist or follow, i.e., co-existing diseases, complications, or sequelae.

Malignant Neoplasms -- A term for diseases in which abnormal cells divide without control. Cancer cells can invade nearby tissues and can spread through the bloodstream and lymphatic system to other parts of the body.

Primary malignant neoplasm --

Biopsy -- Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.

Disease -- A definite pathologic process with a characteristic set of signs and symptoms. It may affect the whole body or any of its parts, and its etiology, pathology, and prognosis may be known or unknown.

Cramping sensation quality --

Abdominal bloating --

Adverse effects -- Problems that occur when treatment affects tissues or organs other than the ones meant to be affected by the treatment. Common side effects of cancer treatment are fatigue, pain, nausea, vomiting, decreased blood cell counts, hair loss, and mouth sores.

Inflammatory Bowel Diseases -- Chronic, non-specific inflammation of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT. Etiology may be genetic or environmental. This term includes CROHN DISEASE and ULCERATIVE COLITIS.

Diabetes --

Diabetes Mellitus -- A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.

Diabetes Mellitus, Non-Insulin-Dependent -- subclass of diabetes mellitus that is not insulin responsive or dependent; characterized initially by insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia and eventually by glucose intolerance, hyperglycemia, and overt diabetes; type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults; patients seldom develop ketosis but often exhibit obesity.


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