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Name: Craniopharyngioma

Description: Benign brain tumor

This casebook is published and has been read 1927 times.

The author of this casebook has identified the following medical topics as being highly relevant to this casebook.

  • Craniopharyngioma -- A benign pituitary-region neoplasm that originates from Rathke's pouch. The two major histologic and clinical subtypes are adamantinous (or classical) craniopharyngioma and papillary craniopharyngioma. The adamantinous form presents in children and adolescents as an expanding cystic lesion in the pituitary region. The cystic cavity is filled with a black viscous substance and histologically the tumor is composed of adamantinomatous epithelium and areas of calcification and necrosis. Papillary craniopharyngiomas occur in adults, and histologically feature a squamous epithelium with papillations. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1998, Ch14, p50)
  • Adult Craniopharyngioma -- This is a pituitary tumor, which most frequently presents in children, but can occur throughout life. It arises in cells derived from Rathke's pouch. The tumor may interfere with pituitary function. Findings may include endocrine disturbances and pressure symptoms. Diagnostic procedure(s) include: MRI is the scan of choice. Standard treatment options include: surgery alone if totally resectable or debulking surgery plus radiation therapy if unresectable. - 2003
Bookmarks The following information, which has been distilled by the casebook author from this and other websites is particularly relevant to this casebook.
Bookmarks - Web
Web Page Notes Concepts
 Craniopharyngioma - Diagnosis and Treatment Options at Mayo Clinic From Mayo Clinic, mostly about treatment (Craniopharyngioma)
 
 http://www.pituitary.org/disorders/craniopharyngiomas.aspx From the Pituitary Network Association (affliated with Pfizer Drugs (Craniopharyngioma)
 
 Craniopharyngioma: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia Good overview from Medline Plus (Adult Craniopharyngioma)
 
 Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases | Full text | Craniopharyngioma Review article on craniopharyngiomas. Somewhat technical (Craniopharyngioma)
 
 Craniopharyngioma Support Group - Introduction Online support group for Craniopharyngiomas. (Adult Craniopharyngioma)
 
 Craniopharyngioma - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Good overview (Adult Craniopharyngioma)
 
 Craniopharyngioma - Tumor Treatment at UCLA From UCLA Medical Center (Craniopharyngioma)
 

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